Kanchenjunga BC to Tumlingtar GHT
Nepal

Walking up to Lumba Sumba pass
  • TRIP TYPE: Trekking
  • TRIP GRADE: Strenuous
  • TRIP STYLE: Camping
  • TRIP LEADER: International Leader
  • GROUP SIZE: 5 - 14 people
  • NEXT DEPARTURE: 19 Sep 2021

Details

This is a 26 day trek following The Great Himalaya Trail ("GHT") from Kanchenjunga Base Camp to Tumlingtar in Makalu region

Our itinerary starts by exploring the area around Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world, where there are views of Tent peak, Nepal peak, Cross peak and then at Base Camp Mount Kanchenjunga itself becomes visible. From Pangpema the trek returns to Ghunsa and then crosses the Nango La at 4,820m into the remote Yangma valley and to the small hamlet of Olangchunngola.

From here we cross Lumba Sumba at 5,160m and walk out to Chyantang. This village is inhabited by the unique Lhomi ethnic group who follow Buddhism combined with Shamanism, there are only several villages in upper Arun valley that have Lhomis people.

At Chyantang village our group will split with the people booked onto shorter Kanchenjunga Base Camp to Tumlingtar heading out on the walk south to this airstrip whereas the Kanchenjunga Base Camp to Makalu Base Camp walkers will continue traversing westwards towards Makalu. After visiting Makalu Base Camp this group will descend the Barun Valley then cross Shipton la at 4,125m followed by the walk out to Tumlingtar airstrip for flight back to Kathmandu.

Mount Kanchenjunga at an altitude of 8,586m is the third highest mountain in the world and Mount Makalu at 8,481m is the fifth highest mountain.

At the same time as this trek we are also running a longer version at 35 days visiting Makalu Base Camp as well as Kanchenjunga Base Camp. Both of these treks follow the first section of The Great Himalaya Trail ("GHT") where very few other trekking groups have completed this adventurous mountain journey.

  • We are Himalayan trekking specialists and we have been operating trips in Nepal for many years. Roland Hunter, owner and founder of The Mountain Company, has modified this itinerary based on his first-hand experience of the Kanchenjunga and Makalu regions.
  • We work with Nepalese Sirdars, guides and porters who have good knowledge of this remote area having walked this trail on several previous occasions.
  • Our itinerary has been designed to include sufficient time for acclimatisation to the altitude in order to maximise your chances of completing the traverse into the Makalu region.
  • The Mountain Company is an accredited trek operator in the Great Himalaya Trail (GHT) Alliance, this is a group of organisations and individuals who voluntarily adopt their Codes of Conduct.
  • We work with some of the best mountain leaders and guides with deep knowledge and experience of the Himalaya and Karakoram. Unlike many other operators we still allocate appropriately trained international leaders for more remote and technical trips like Kanchenjunga GHT.
  • Our approach to organising trips in the Himalayas has helped The Mountain Company win awards such as 2018 Gold Award as AITO Tour Operator of the Year and 2015 Bronze Award as AITO Tour Operator of the Year.
  • Western branded tents are used for all of our camping treks in Nepal. These are high quality three person domed tents with plenty of space for two people sharing plus gear.
  • The Mountain Company will receive bespoke weather forecasts for the Kanchenjunga region from EverestWeather.com and from our in house forecasting throughout the duration of this trek.
  • We send a Thuraya satellite phone on all of our treks in Nepal. It is essential for your guide to have reliable communications with us for logistics, planning and group safety. We use GPS on Thuraya satellite phone to upload daily your location on to Google Maps so your friends and family can track your progress during the trek.
  • We provide all porters with windproof jacket & trousers, crampons and shelter as per International Porter Protection Group (“IPPG”) guidelines.
  • There will be a range of tasty meals for breakfast, lunch and supper. We give everyone in the group one chocolate or muesli bar per day (Mars, Twix, Bounty etc) and also provide Pringles and biscuits at tea time. For breakfast every morning we provide fresh coffee from our Bialetti Moka coffee machine.
  • We bring a comprehensive first aid kit plus high altitude medicine, antibiotics and other medicines. There will also be a portable altitude chamber (PAC or Gamow bag).
  • Pre trip support will be given by our Operations team with first hand knowledge of Kanchenjunga GHT trek. During high season we have a TMC representative from our UK Operations team based in Kathmandu.

Route Map

Itinerary

Arrive in Kathmandu

No meals

Hotel Tibet in Kathmandu

You will be met on arrival at Kathmandu airport and driven back to the hotel.  Please provide travel plans on booking and we will arrange the pick-up and transfer.

Breakfast

Hotel Tibet in Kathmandu

A day for group briefing and to sort out trekking permits.

Fly to Bhadrapur

Bus to Ilam (4 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Hotel in Ilam

We take the morning flight to Bhadrapur and then drive in a private bus to Ilam where we spend the night in a hotel.

Drive to Taplejung (4 hours)

Walking for 9km (4 hours)

Walking ascent 37m

Walking descent 800m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

This morning we leave early and drive passing through tea and cardamom plantations. During our drive we stop at the top of a pass of which we get our first magnificent views of Mount Kanchenjunga and Mount Jannu in the far distance. We drive onto Taplejung where on arrival we meet our trekking crew. After lunch we start the trek by making a steep descent to the Tamur river to reach the village of Mitlung. Today and for the next couple of days the path is often wet, muddy and slippery so two trekking poles are definitely required.

Walking for 14.5km (6 hours)

Walking ascent 695m

Walking descent 350m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From camp the trail descends to the Tamur river passing several villages. This is a fertile area with a range of crops including rice, millet, potatoes and vegetables. There is a descent to a wooden bridge crossing the Thiwa Khola , then some more ups and downs before arriving at Chirwa. The village of Chirwa has a bazaar, a few lodges and some shops. We camp a short walk from the village in a large field among huge boulders.

Walking for 11.5km (5 hours)

Walking ascent 580m

Walking descent 260m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

The trail follows the Tamur river along the valley floor and after a couple of hours we arrive to Taplechok at 1,380m where our trekking permit will be checked at the park gate. From Taplechok we cross a suspension bridge over the river to walk on the west bank along a path where cardamom can be seen growing among the forest. Cardamon is an important cash crop especially prevalent in the middle hills of east Nepal.

We will have lunch at a lodge in Phembu (3 ½ hours) then the trail starts to ascend above Tamur river to Lelep at 1,750m.  We descend to cross a suspension bridge over Tamor river to enter the more narrow Ghunsa Khola Valley and then on to our camp at Sekathum. This is a Tibetan village and it is from here you get the first views of the high Himalaya where Jannu is visible on a clear day up the Ghunsa valley.

Walking for 10km (4.5 hours)

Walking ascent 965m

Walking descent 160m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

We cross the suspension bridge over Ghunsa river at Sekathum camp and then follow the path through dense forest. In places the trail is steep and narrow as we walk through a dramatic gorge. We normally have lunch at one of the basic lodges in Solima. After lunch we follow a switchback trail up through trees reaching Amjilossa high above the gorge.

Walking for 10km (4.5 hours)

Walking ascent 750m

Walking descent 450m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From Gyabla there is a short ascent through lush bamboo, oak and rhodendron forests to cross a small ridge. We descend towards Ghunsa Khola at a place called Thyanyani (2,400m) where there are several stone shelters.The trail makes several short climbs and descents before passing a large waterfall and a final steep climb to Gyabla.

Walking for 12.5km (5 hours)

Walking ascent 910m

Walking descent 220m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From Gyabla, the valley opens out and we walk along an easier path for most of the way to Phole. It will start to get cooler today as we climb above 3,000m. At the same time the vegetation changes and we will see see more rhododendrons and azaleas. Before arriving to Phole we pass through the winter village for Ghunsa in a wide plateau. At Phole village it is worth having a look at the monastery and exploring the village where at some houses you can see the ladies weaving carpets.

From Phole it takes a further 1 ½ hours to reach the larger village of Ghunsa. This is a picturesque Tibetan village with wooden houses covered in colourful prayer flags. There are several lodges and shops in the village and a small Kanchenjunga Conservation Area office along with a couple of gompas. We will camp in the garden of one of the lodges however will use their dining room for meals.

Walking near Ghunsa

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

An acclimatisation walk will be organised today along the route to Lobsang La. This is a good option as the trail gains height to 4,000m in about 3 hours from camp and 2 hours to return to Ghunsa. This was a good walk for acclimatising purposes by following the rule “climbing high and sleeping low”. This will help your body adjust to the gain in altitude and help you adapt over the next three days as you travel up to the northside Kanchenjunga Base Camp.

Walking for 12km (6 hours)

Walking ascent 810m

Walking descent 170m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From Ghunsa the trail makes a gradual ascent through pine and rhodendron forests along the east bank of the Ghunsa Khola passing several mani walls and chortens along the way. After three hours walking we crossing a bridge over Ghunsa Khola and will have lunch in a grassy area called Rampuk Kharka (3,720m). Today as you gain altitude the mountain scenery becomes ever more spectacular and higher up before the landslide area the dramatic north face of Jannu is visible. Be careful when crossing this landslide as there is a risk of rockfall from above. The trail contours the hillside then descends to Khambachen. Khambachen is a Tibetan settlement with about a dozen houses nestled in a grassy plain with mountains all around.

Day walk from Khambachen

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

We spend two nights at Khambachen in order to help your acclimatisation before moving up over 750m in altitude to Lhonak. We recommend you join a short walk organised by our guides and then spend the rest of the day resting and relaxing around camp. The walk up Nupchu Khola from Khambachen is well worth doing for the impressive views of Mount Jannu.

Walking for 10.5km (4 to 5 hours)

Walking ascent 820m

Walking descent 150m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From Khambachen the trail contours through azalea and rhododendron along a lateral moraine passing through a seasonal yak herder’s camp at Ramtang (4,370m). After an hour or so the trail becomes rockier and we pass under a landslide area. Like for the landslide before Khambachen it is best to keep moving at a steady pace and to keep alert for any rockfall.

We climb through open rocky fields and then cross moraines North West of the Kanchenjunga Glacier to Lhonak. The campsite at Lhonak is near several large stone huts and has incredible views of Wedge Peak (6,750m), Mera (6,344m), Nepal Peak (6,910m), Twins (7,351m) among others. You cannot see the main peak of Kanchenjunga from Lhonak so for this view tomorrow we will walk up to Pangpema.

Walking for 18km (6 to 7 hours)

Walking ascent 700m

Walking descent 700m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From Lhonak the trail ascends along the lateral moraine from Kanchenjunga Glacier for about two hours. After passing through several sections of loose rock and landslide area the trail climbs less steeply to reach the stone huts in a grassy area at Pangpema in a further two hours. The view of the vast north face of Kanchenjunga from Pangpema is very impressive. After having lunch while enjoying the mountain vista we start the return walk back to Lhonak taking about 3 hours.

Walking for 22km (8 hours)

Walking ascent 500m

Walking descent 1,600m

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

The walk back on the same trail back to Ghunsa village.

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

After a tough few days at altitude and a long walk from Lhonak yesterday most groups enjoy their first real rest day of the trek so far. In the morning you can do some washing and have a chance to sort out your bags as well as recharge batteries in the lodge. You can also explore the village as it is well worth visiting the school and the gompa across the bridge.

Walking 8km (6 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

Descend the main trail from Ghunsa and turn off at the junction before Phole village. Follow the trail up the side valley following the Yangma Samba khola through pine forest until reaching the camp located in a kharka (pasture).

Walking 13km (7 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

After an early morning start it takes about two to three hours depending on conditions to reach the top of the Nanga La pass. From the top one can see Lopsang Peak and also Mirgin La trail over to Kanchenjunga Southside. On the descent one enters into a valley where further down there is a stone shelter. From here to keep to the north bank of Thasa Khola and walk through a forest before entering Yangma Khola valley. The trail goes north up this valley before you cross the bridge to the camp.

Walking 10km (7 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From camp descend along the western bank of Yangma Khola until the confluence with Tamor Khola, then follow the northern bank of Tamor Khola up stream until Olangchun Gola. This is a prosperous village that trades with Tibet. After lunch we continue walking up Tamor Khola for further four hours to River Camp located in a grassy area at the confluence with Dingsamba Khola.

Walking 6km (4 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From River Camp we walk through pine forest along the Dingsamba Khola then higher up through rhododendron bushes in a broad valley. We continue in a north westerly direction into a wide and flat floodplain and at the end of this valley we walk over a black rock band into a higher valley. We make camp here for the night before crossing Lumba Sumba pass.

Walking 10km (7 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

After an early start around 6am we head west on a rocky trail quite steep in places until we gain a plateau with views of a lake and the Lumba Sumba pass to the north. It takes about four hours to gain the first pass at 5,050m and a further hour to the second pass slightly higher at 5,100m. There are tremendous views from both passes of Kanchenjunga and Jannu to the east and Makalu to the west. From Lumba Sumba pass descend into Lapsi Khola valley and after 3 ½ hours you will reach the camp in a good spot next to the river.

Walking 6km (4 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

The view of Makalu in the morning is superb as it dominates the view to the west. We follow Lapsi Khola through rhododendrons and a forest to the Tibetan village of Thudam. We will camp in a grassy area opposite the village crossed by a bridge.

Walking 9km (7 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

Shortly after leaving Thudam we cross a recent landslide area and continue through a dense forest. Medokchheje Khola is an impressive valley with steep sides. Today the trail is narrow and overgrown in places so you should be careful to stay with the group and stay with one of the local guides. We pass several waterfalls and have to cross a number of streams on log bridges. We climb to a minor pass and then descend through bamboo until the first kharka where there is a stone shelter. It takes another 1 ¼ hour to walk onto the second kharka where we camp for the night.

Walking 16km (6 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From camp the trail becomes indistinct in places as it passes through bamboo and dense forest. After climbing to another minor pass there is a long and often muddy descent to the Arun river at 1,850m. After lunch near the bridge over the Arun it is a further hour to walk to Chyantang village.

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

This is day can be used as a rest day or kept as a contingency day for later in the trek.

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

This is day can be used as a rest day or kept as a contingency day for later in the trek.

Walking 8 hours

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

From Chyantang the trail traverses through villages millet fields high above Arun river. After Chepuwa you descend to Arun river at 1,650m and cross a bridge then start the long ascent to the ridge at 2,800m. The trail descends through forest to Namse at 2,200m. This is a Hindu and Tamang village.

Walking 8 hours

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

We follow the trail above Arun river and then descend to valley level for lunch spot at Gola. After lunch we cross the bridge to west bank of Arun river and continue through millet fields and passing many waterfalls along the way to Simma village.

Walking 5 hours

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Camping

We take three hours to walk to Dovan where we have lunch over the bridge and then a further two hours uphill to Num village.

Drive to Tumlingtar (4 hours)

Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Teahouse lodge

Today we take jeeps along a rough road to Chichila and onto the busy market town of Khandbari then we continue driving along the increasingly rough road passing terraced fields to Tumlingtar.

Fly to Kathmandu

Breakfast

Hotel Tibet in Kathmandu

We take a mid-morning flight to Kathmandu and after arrival are driven to our hotel for the last night of the trip.

Fly home

Breakfast

Transfer from hotel to Kathmandu airport for your flight back home.

Dates & Prices

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2021

Dates Trip Leader Price Single Supplement: Room/Tent Availability
Dates 19 Sep 2021 to 20 Oct 2021 Trip Leader International Leader Price US$5,095pp
US$4,995pp
Single Supplement:
Room/Tent
US$240pp / US$395pp
Availability 5 Left to Guarantee
Early Bird Discount
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2022

Dates Trip Leader Price Single Supplement: Room/Tent Availability
Dates 18 Sep 2022 to 19 Oct 2022 Trip Leader International Leader Price US$5,095pp
US$4,995pp
Single Supplement:
Room/Tent
N/A
Availability 5 Left to Guarantee
Early Bird Discount
Book Now

For private and bespoke trip, please contact us

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What's Included

  • Internal flight to/from Kathmandu and Bhadrapur/ Tumlingtar.
  • All transfers including airport collections.
  • Twin share room at Hotel Tibet or Hotel Ambassador in Kathmandu.
  • Breakfast only in Kathmandu, all meals included while on trek.  
  • Twin share tents while on trek using our Western branded tents. These are three person domed tents with plenty of space for two people sharing plus gear.
  • All trekking arrangements including permits and fees, tents, Western and Sherpa leaders, porters and cook.
  • Bespoke weather forecasts for Kanchenjunga and Makalu region from EverestWeather.com throughout the duration of this trek.
  • Kanchenjunga and Makalu trekking map given to you on arrival to Kathmandu.
  • Rubberised luggage tags posted to you before departure.
  • Full financial protection for all monies paid to us through our membership of Association of Bonded Travel Operators Trust (our ABTOT membership number is 5365) and having an Air Travel Organiser’s Licence (our ATOL number is 10921).
  • Pre departure support and advice from The Mountain Company by email, phone or face to face meetings in London. After booking with us we will send our comprehensive “Nepal Pre Trip Information” notes.

What's Not Included

  • International flight to/from Kathmandu.
  • Travel & trekking insurance.
  • Nepal visa for 90 days (US$100).
  • Lunch and evening meals in Kathmandu.
  • Personal clothing & equipment, please see the Appendix for suggested kit list.
  • Tips (guidance on amounts included in our “Nepal Pre Trip Information” notes).
  • Other items not listed in “What is included”.

Accommodation

Hotel Tibet in Kathmandu

Hotel Tibet is located in Lazimpat next to the Radisson and is our usual hotel for our standard trips in Nepal.

We have used Hotel Tibet for over 15 years and our previous clients enjoy staying at this property due to its good location, comfortable rooms and high level of service. There is a garden terrace next to the restaurant on the ground floor and the roof terrace with the Yeti Bar overlooking the city.


Camping in Nepal

We use both Mountain Hardwear Trango 3.1s and Quechua tents for our camping treks in Nepal.

Practical Information

A Typical Day On Camping Trek

The day starts with an early morning mug of tea brought to your tent by one of the assistant guides. Before heading over to the mess tent for breakfast you will pack your overnight gear into your duffel bag. During breakfast the tents will be packed away and, after the porters have arranged their loads, they will set off on the trail in the cool of the morning. After breakfast, probably between 7am and 8am, we start walking. The pace of the trek is leisurely with plenty of time to enjoy the scenery, take photos and explore the local villages. Lunch will be around 11am at a spot by the side of the trail and is prepared for us by the cooks.


There is more walking after lunch and normally you will get into camp by mid afternoon with the tents already put up by the local staff. In the evening a three course meal is served in the mess tent around 6-7pm. After supper the international leader will discuss the plan for the next day with the group. People might stay in the mess tent chatting about the day’s events for a while before retiring to their tent for the night.

Communications

We bring a Thuraya satellite phone for logistical, safety and personal use. Personal calls charged at £4 (US$5 or €4.50) per minute and £2 (US$3 €4.50) to send and receive SMS text.

Clothing and Equipment List for Kanchenjunga GHT

For the safety of everyone in the group and to help ensure a successful trek, you are required to have the following items in our clothing and equipment list tailored for Kanchenjunga BC to Makalu BC trek.

As a reminder, the weather on this trek will vary season to season and day to day as you ascend to higher elevations. During the first couple of days on trek you are likely to experience quite warm conditions and you will experience the coldest temperatures at Lhonak at an altitude of 4,785m where overnight lows can get down to around -15˚C.

Each trekker should bring one backpack for items required during the day. Your day backpack will contain items such as warm clothes, jacket, camera, water bottles, personal first aid kit and snacks. The rest of your personal equipment packed in a duffel bag or backpack will be carried by a porter. The maximum weight allowance is 18kg. Please ensure that your bag is marked clearly on the outside for easy identification. 

We suggest you print the kit list and tick items off as you pack them then weigh your kit bag before you come on trek.

Footwear:

  • Walking boots. A pair of water repellent boots with ankle support.
  • A pair used to keep boots dry if walking through deep snow or on wet ground.
  • Wool and liner socks.
  • Trainers/sneakers. Can be used in camp/lodge in the evenings.

Clothing:

  • Waterproof jacket and trousers (goretex or similar).
  • Trekking trousers.
  • Long sleeve shirts (not cotton).
  • Micro fleece.
  • Mid to heavyweight fleece.
  • Sleeveless or body warmer type fleece.
  • Thermals or base layer for top & bottom (merino wool or synthetic).
  • Fleece pants.
  • Medium weight down jacket (eg. Nuptse jacket by The North Face).

Handwear:

  • Fleece gloves.
  • Warms mittens and/or gloves.

Headwear:

  • Wool or fleece hat.
  • Sun hat.
  • Bandana or face mask (eg. Buff Headwear check out http://www.buffwear.com)
  • Bring extra batteries.
  • These need to have side protection or should be wraparound design to prevent light getting through to your eyes that could cause sun blindness.

Climbing equipment:

  • Mountaineering ice axe and leash.
  • Mountaineering crampons. The best type are universal crampons that you can use with normal trekking boots such as Stubai Universals or Kahtoola KTS crampons.
  • YakTrax XTR. These are helpful for descending passes if snowy and icy conditions, for more information please take a look at: https://www.yaktrax.com/product/xtr

Personal Equipment:

  • Sleeping bag. Maximum overnight lows in Lhonak will be around -15 Celsius. Note: it is possible to rent a bag in Kathmandu from Shonas Rental.
  • Fleece or silk liner for your sleeping bag. A liner protects your sleeping bag from getting dirty and helps by adding extra insulation to keep you warm at night.
  • Sleeping mat (eg. Thermarest). On trek we provide everyone with one foam mat however we recommend two layers for maximum insulation and comfort.
  • Recommended size is 30 litres or larger as you need to have enough space to carry water bottles, camera, snacks and extra clothing as well as micro crampons and down jacket etc for days crossing the high passes. It is also a good idea to bring a rain cover to keep the contents dry.
  • Stuff sacks for keeping your gear dry and organised. Or even better are fold- drybags such as from Exped.
  • Two water bottles (Nalgene wide mouth bottles are the best).
  • Pee bottle. Highly recommended as means you do not have to get up to find toilet tent at night! For men you can use an old water bottle for women take a look at SheWee at http://www.shewee.com/
  • Sunscreen and lipsalve with a high SPF.
  • Insect repellent.
  • Water purification tablets (Pristine, Biox Acqua or Acqa Mira).
  • Favourite snack food (note: each day one chocolate bar eg Twix or Mars is provided by us).
  • Books, ipod and cards etc.
  • Trekking poles (Black Diamond with “Flick Lock” are best).
  • Camera with spare batteries and memory cards.
  • Insurance certificate.
  • Earplugs (optional).
  • Baby wipes (optional).
  • Hand sanitizer (optional).

Travelling:

  • Duffle bag or large backpack for your personal gear on the trek (carried by a porter). Bring a small combination padlock to secure the bag.
  • Travel clothes. You will need casual clothing for air travel days and time spent in Kathmandu.
  • Toiletry bag include toilet paper, soap, towel, toothbrush, etc.

Personal first aid kit:

Note: we provide a comprehensive group first aid kit but please bring personal medications and other items you might use regularly such as:

  • Any personal medications.
  • Malaria prophylactic tablets.
  • Blister treatment (Compeed patches are the best).
  • Rehydration powder eg Dioralyte.
  • Analgesics (paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin).
  • Throat lozenges.
  • Diamox (helps with acclimatisation).

Threat and risk assessment for Kanchenjunga GHT

Participants should be aware trekking, mountaineering and travelling in a developing country are activities that involve a risk of personal injury or death. As a condition of booking you must accept these risks and be responsible for your own actions and involvement.

Adventure travel requires an open and flexible attitude. You may experience extreme conditions, unpredictable weather and last minute changes to the itinerary beyond our control. The ability to work in team is an important aspect of all of our trips.

As a part of our planning process we have performed a detailed threat and risk assessment for our Kanchenjunga BC to Makalu BC trek. It is worth pointing out all of our trips have a certain degree of risk, this is of course part of the attraction of adventure travel and why so many people choose to join this type of holiday. However by identifying the potential hazards on Kanchenjunga BC to Makalu BC we can assess the level of risk and implement control measures to reduce this happening.

Our full threat and risk assessment for Kanchenjunga BC to Makalu BC is available to clients on request. For your information we have listed below a summary of the significant risks and hazards identified by us:

  • Falls and trips resulting in physical injury eg. slipping on ice or falling off the path.
  • Altitude illness including but not limited to AMS, HACE and HAPE.
  • Getting lost or becoming separated from group eg. crossing high passes in whiteout.
  • Severe bad weather and conditions when camping.
  • Climatic injuries (dehydration, sun burn, heat exhaustion, hypothermia or heat stroke).
  • Crossing a river with no bridge resulting in drowning and/ or a fall.
  • Rock fall and landslides eg. walking to Kanchenjunga North Base Camp.
  • Snow and ice avalanches eg crossing high passes.
  • Lightning strike.
  • Wildlife, pack animals (eg. donkeys or horses) or stray dogs. Pack animals have been known to knock people off the path. Dogs can attack and bite, we advise you discuss rabies vaccination with your doctor.
  • Earthquake.
  • Risk of fire in the hotel or lodge.
  • Endemic local diseases. We advise you discuss vaccinations with your doctor before departure.
  • Physiological injury such as heart attack, appendicitis, hernia, toothache etc. in a remote area.
  • Road traffic or flight accident [see paragraph “Bhadrapur and Tumlingtar flight” for further information about STOL flights].
  • Contaminated food and/ or water.

This trip visits a remote area where you are away from normal emergency services and medical facilities. In case of a serious injury requiring hospitalisation evacuation could take up to several days and may impede your ensuing recovery. Helicopters are the most usual means of evacuation, however they are not always available or they may be hindered by poor weather and flying conditions.

Internal Flights

British Foreign & Commonwealth Office (“FCO”) travel advice to Nepal states that “STOL airstrips in Nepal are among the most remote and difficult to land on in the world and are a challenge for even the most technically proficient pilots and well-maintained aircraft.” For their latest advice please take a look at their Safety & Security section under Air Travel.

There have been a number of recent air accidents in Nepal and in December 2013 The European Union banned all airlines based in Nepal from flying in the 28-nation bloc under the latest changes to a list of unsafe carriers.  For more information on Nepal’s air safety profile take a look at Aviation Safety Network.

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